Maxim Tyorkin, MD -  - Orthopedic Surgeon

Maximum Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine

Maxim Tyorkin, MD

Orthopedic Surgeon & Sports Medicine Specialist located in Forest Hills, NY & Upper East Side, New York, NY

Arthritis Specialist

Arthritis can cause significant debility, especially if left untreated. Dr. Tyorkin offers advanced care for Upper East Side and Forest Hills, N.Y., patients so they can relieve their pain, improve flexibility and regain range of motion.

Arthritis Q & A

by Maxim Tyorkin, MD

What causes osteoarthritis?

Joints form where bones meet. To keep bones from wearing away when a joint is moved, each bone has a protective layer of cartilage. Osteoarthritis occurs when this layer of cartilage begins to wear away, becoming rough and causing friction between bones when the joint moves. This friction causes pain, stiffness and swelling to occur. Eventually, the cartilage can wear away completely, leaving the ends of the bones exposed.

What are the risk factors for developing arthritis?

Risk factors for osteoarthritis include:

  • Obesity: Extra weight places extra strain on joints, which can cause cartilage to wear away more quickly.

  • Older age: Years of wear and tear can take their toll on joints, and so can the natural changes that occur during the aging process.

  • Gender: Women have a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis compared to men.

  • Genetics: Some people may have a higher risk of the disease if they have family members who also suffer from it.

  • Repetitive motions: If your job involved repeated motion of a joint, it can cause the cartilage to wear away over time.

  • Joint injuries and bone deformities: Both can increase the risk of osteoarthritis.

  • Systemic disease: Diseases such as diabetes or rheumatic disease can increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis.

What are the symptoms of arthritis?

Arthritis is a degenerative disease, which means it tends to become worse over time. Symptoms may include:

  • Pain in the joint, especially during movement

  • Joint tenderness when it's touched

  • Stiffness in the joint, especially after a period of inactivity

  • Grating or scraping sensation when moving the joint

  • Loss of range of motion in the joint

How is arthritis treated?

Arthritis is typically treated with medication to reduce swelling and pain and sometimes physical therapy. In advanced cases, surgery may be needed to replace, remodel or stabilize damaged joints.

Major Insurance Providers Accepted

We are always accepting new pateints. We accept most major insurance plans, Medicare, and Worker's compensation. If you any questions, please call one of our office locations. 

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