Metabolic bone diseases cause loss of bone strength, typically caused by loss of bone tissue or abnormal remodeling of bone tissue. Most diseases are related to a lack of minerals or poor absorption of minerals such as vitamin D and phosphorous. People of all ages can suffer from bone diseases and disorders, and left untreated, they can lead to an increased risk of fracture.
There are many types of metabolic bone diseases. The most common are:
osteoporosis, or loss of bone (bone “thinning”)
Paget's disease, which affects the way a bone remodels its tissue
thyroid-related bone disease, most commonly caused by underproduction of hormones (hypothyroidism)
osteomalacia and rickets, softening of the bones most commonly caused by a lack of vitamin D
bone loss caused by chemotherapy
other disorders affecting the levels, availability and absorption of calcium and phosphorous, essential elements for building strong bone tissue
Different diagnostic methods such as bone density tests and blood tests can be used to diagnose most metabolic bone diseases.
The type of treatment depends on the underlying cause of the disease. For instance, diseases related to the thyroid may be managed with medication that helps regulate the thyroid and the amount of hormones it produces or by replacing the hormones themselves. Deficiencies associated with vitamin D will be aimed at improving consumption and absorption of the vitamin, as well as treating any underlying conditions that may be interfering with vitamin D synthesis or absorption. Dr. Tyorkin is skilled in managing all types of metabolic bone disease, and he can provide you with a program of care developed specifically for your needs.
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